We enter the year 2024 in the shadow of a war that is changing the face of the Middle East. Hamas’s attack of October 7 has plunged the Israeli and Palestinian peoples deeper into what seems an endless conflict. The current phase has so far claimed the lives of 1300 Israelis and over 20,000 Palestinians. About 70% of homes in Gaza have been made unfit for habitation, and more than a million and a half Gazans are now crowded into the south of the Strip hungry for food. Over 160,000 Israelis have been displaced from their homes, and 136 are held hostage by Hamas under inhumane conditions.